When Should I Spay or Neuter My Dog in Broken Arrow?

Categories: Dog Health Care, Featured

When Should I Spay or Neuter My Dog in Broken Arrow?

A common question our veterinarians are asked is if and when should I spay or neuter  my dog in Broken Arrow?

All dogs and puppies should be either spayed or neutered unless the owner is in the business of raising purebred animals. The days of letting the family dog have a litter of  puppies so that kids could observe the miracle of birth are long gone. Animal rescue groups have done an excellent job communicating the tragedy of homeless pets. Most people now realize that overpopulation is an enormous problem.

Here are some startling facts:

  • Pet overpopulation is the leading killer of cats and dogs in our country.
  • An estimated 3.7 million animals are euthanized in animal shelters each year across the United States.
  • 84% of owned cats and 72% of owned dogs are already spayed or neutered.
  • The majority of pet overpopulation comes from unaltered pets living in low-income neighborhoods.
  • In some Oklahoma shelters, up to 75% of all incoming animals are euthanized to make room for more.
  • Fifty thousand puppies and kittens are born every day in our country.
  • U.S. taxpayers spend up to $2 billion each year on services to collect, house, destroy and dispose of unwanted animals.

When Should I Spay or Neuter My Dog in Broken Arrow?

Puppies are old enough to be spayed or neutered at 5 months. Some dog owners, particularly those with large breed dogs, prefer to wait until the dog has physically matured until neutering or spaying. Dogs that are neutered/spayed after reaching full maturity tend to be more muscular than early spay/neuter dogs, which is important in working dogs.

Why Should I Spay Or Neuter My Dog?

There are many benefits of spaying or neutering your pet. One of the most important is that spaying dogs and cats ensures that your own pet will not contribute to the pet overpopulation crises. Unaltered cats and dogs can be prolific breeders, and there are many more cats and dogs needing homes than there are homes for them. Pets without homes are often euthanized in shelters or left to fend for themselves, often unsuccessfully, in the search of food and mating opportunities.

Others spay/neuter pets for health reasons. Here are some of the benefits of neutering male dogs:

  • Eliminates the small risk (probably <1%) of dying from testicular cancer
  • Reduces the risk of non-cancerous prostate disorders
  • Reduces the risk of perianal fistulas
  • May possibly reduce the risk of diabetes

And here are some benefits of spaying female dogs:

  • If done before 2.5 years of age, greatly reduces the risk of mammary tumors, the most common malignant tumors in female dogs
  • Nearly eliminates the risk of pyometra, which otherwise would affect about 23% of intact female dogs; pyometra kills about 1% of intact female dogs
  • Reduces the risk of perenial fistulas
  • Removes the very small risk (.5%) from uterine, cervical, and ovarian tumors

Spaying and neutering also can reduce roaming behaviors, territorial marking behaviors, intersex aggression, etc. in dogs.


What is spaying?

Spaying, known as ovariohysterectomy, is the removal of a female dog’s uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

You will be told to fast your puppy for 12 hours prior to the operation and bring her to the Broken Arrow vet’s office first thing in the morning.

Spaying is done under general anesthesia and is a bit more complicated than neutering because your vet will have to make an incision in your puppy’s abdomen. Your dog will have her abdomen shaved, and the vet will make a small incision just below her belly button in order to reach the sexual organs and remove them.

Most Broken Arrow veterinarians keep spay patients overnight for monitoring and pain management, and when you pick her up the next day your vet will give you instructions on how to take care of her and things to watch out for. She may have a cone collar in order to keep her from licking at, and possibly re-opening, the incision.


What is neutering?

Neutering, referred to by veterinarians as orchidectomy, is the removal of a male dog’s testicles.

The testicles are where sperm cells and sex hormones are produced, so by removing them your Broken Arrow vet will reduce or eliminate your puppy’s instinct to roam and fight. Neutering is best done by the age of 5-7 months.

Neutering is done under general anesthesia, so you will need to make sure your puppy doesn’t eat or drink anything for 12 hours prior to the operation.

Although your puppy’s scrotum will be shaved for the surgery, you probably won’t even notice the incision because it will be so small. The operation is not difficult or invasive, and often your puppy can go home the same day.

Be prepared for your puppy to be a bit groggy from the anesthesia and any pain medication he received.


Both of these procedures are very common. Vets do hundreds, if not thousands, of spays and neuters each year. The risk of complications from spaying and neutering is extremely low, and the benefits to your puppy’s long-term health are many.




Village Vet Animal Clinic

2026 West Houston Street

Broken Arrow, OK   74012

(918) 258-0040


When Should I Spay or Neuter My Dog in Broken Arrow?


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About the Author

Kreg Atterberry is a writer of veterinary articles and the owner of Veterinary Marketing Done For You, a veterinary marketing company helping veterinary clinics and animal hospitals get found and dominate their local online searches.

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